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Chapter XIX

On the going to the Svayamvara assembly of SudarSana

1-2. Vyasa said :– After the king Subahu had spoken thus, the Queen made her daughter SaSikala, who had always sweet smiles on her lips sit on her lap and after consoling her with sweet words, began to say “O fair eyed ! You always practise vows and other religious performances; why are you, then, speaking these unpleasant words? The King has heard all what you wanted to say and has been very sorry.

3-5. That SudarSana is very unfortunate, deprived of his kingdom, helpless, void of wealth and army, abandoned by his friends, exiled with his mother in the forest, subsisting on roots and fruits, lean and thin. Thus he is not worthy of becoming the husband of yours. There are many learned, beautiful, approved of all, qualified with all royal marks, princes fit to become your husband. They all will come in this Svayamvara.

1.         There is one brother of this SudarSana, who is endowed with all kingly qualifications, beautiful, and qualified in various other ways. He is the king of the Kosala country.

2.         There is another point worth consideration; please hear it. The King Yudhajit is trying his best to kill SudarSana on a befitting opportunity.

3.         He already counselled with his ministers and killed in a desperate fight the king Virasena and installed his daughter’s son on the throne.

4.         Even he came up so far as the hermitage of Bharadvaja to kill SudarSana; afterwards he was prevented by the Munis from doing so then he returned home.”

10-11. SaSikala replied :– “Mother ! That prince, though staying in the forest, is approved of by me; under the advice Saryati, the chaste Sukanya married Chyavana Muni and served her husband all along; so I will marry this king’s son and will always be engaged in serving him. The women are able to attain heaven and emancipation, if they serve their husbands; therefore if we be sincere in serving our husbands, we will no doubt be happy.

1.         I have seen in my dream that the Goddess Bhagavati has ordained him to be my husband; how can I now accept any other body as my husband than him?

2.         The Devi BhuvaneSvari has pictured his frame firmly in my heart; I will never be able to leave my dearest beautiful husband and to contract marriage with any other person.”

3.         Vyasa said :– Thus the mother, the daughter of the King of Videha, found many signs and at last desisted. She then reported to the King all the words of SaSikala.

15-16. When SaSikala, on the day before the marriage day, became very anxious and, sent in a great hurry, one trustworthy Brahmin, versed in the Vedas to the hermitage of Bharadvaja with this message “O Brahman, go in such a way to SudarSana, as my father be not able to know about it and tell SudarSana all my words.

17-18. My father has called in for my marriage a Svayambara ceremony; many powerful kings will attend with their armies; O Deva ! The Goddess Bhagavati has ordered me in dream and accordingly I, with full gladness of my heart, have become yours already in my heart.

1.         Rather I will take poison or I will jump in a blazing fire, than I can obey my father’s and mother’s words and marry another.

2.         By my mind, word, and deed, I have selected you my husband; and pleasure and happiness is sure to attend on us by the blessings of the Bhagavati.

3.         Please depend unto Her, at Whose command this whole universe, moving and unmoving is resting, unto that Great Destiny and come to this place without fail.

4.         What the Goddess, whose commands Sankara all the other Devas obey, has ordered, can never turn out false.

5.         O Brahmin ! You the foremost amongst the virtuous; do therefore call on that King’s son in privacy and speak out all there to him. What shall I say more to you. Do all that my object may be fullfilled.”

6.         Thus saying, she gave the Brahmin his Daksina and sent him to SudarSana. He went there and reported all the matter duly to him and quickly returned back.

7.         On coming to know all this, SudarSana determined to start; and the Maharsi Bharadvaja, with gladness, sent him.

8.         Vyasa said :– Seeing her son ready to start, the mother Manorama became very sorry and, trembling and shedding tears, thus spoke to her son.

27-28. “SudarSana ! Where are you going now? How do you dare to go there in the

Svayamvara alone, where are present kings and all your terrible enemies. O Son ! You are as yet a boy. The King Yudhajit will certainly go there with the object of killing you; there will then is no other body to help you. So you should never go to that place.

29. You are my only son; I am very poor and helpless; I have no other to lean upon than you; therefore you ought not to throw me in despair at this moment.

30. See SudarSana ! The King Yudhajit who had slain my father, that uncontrollable king will come there; if you go there alone, he will certainly kill you.”

31. SudarSana replied “Mother ! What is inevitable will certainly come to pass; there is no need to discuss further on the subject. I will go at the command of the World Mother to that assembly hall


32. O Auspicious one ! Do not give vent to sorrow; I do fear none by the grace of the Bhagavati.”

33. Vyasa said :– Thus saying, SudarSana mounted on his chariot and was ready to start. Seeing this Manorama began to bless him and so cheer him.

34-37. O Son ! Let Ambika Devi protect your front; Padmalochana protect your back; Parvati, your two sides; Siva Devi, all around you; Varahi, in dreadful paths; Durga, in royal forts, Kalika, in terrible fights; ParameSvari, in the platform hall; Matamgi, in the Svayamvara hall; Bhavani, the Avertress of world, amidst the kings; Girija, in mountain passes; Chamunda, in the sacrificial ground, and let the eternal Kamaga, protect you in the forests.

1.         O Descendant of Raghu family ! Let the Vaisnavi force protect you in quarrels; let Bhairavi protect you in battles and amongst your enemies.

2.         O Son ! Let the Maha Maya Jagaddhatri BhuvaneSvari protect you everywhere and at all times.

3.         Vyasa said :– Then Manorama, speaking thus to him, trembled with fear and again said :– “O SudarSana, I will also accompany you; there will not be otherwise.

4.         I will never be able to remain anywhere without you and even for the twinkling of an eye. O Son, carrry me thither where you are desiring to go.”

5.         Thus saying, his mother with her attendants was ready to start. The Brahmanas pronounced their blessings. All then went out.

6.         SudarSan, the descendant of the Raghu family, mounted then alone on his chariot and reached Benares. There the King Subahu, hearing that he had come, welcomed him and worshipped him with various presents.

7.         He gave him, the house for his residence, and made arrangements for his food and drink and other necessary requirements and gave order to his servants to wait on the prince.

8.         Then, from various quarters, the kings assembled together; and Yudhajit, too, came there accompanied by his daughter’s son, Satrujit.

46-48. The King of Karusa, the King of Madra, the King of Sindhu, the King of Mahismati, the valiant warriors, the King of Panchala, the kings of the mountainous tract, the King of Karnat, the powerful King of Kamarupa, the King of Chola, and the very powerful King of Vidarbhas with 180 Aksauhini soldiers all arrived and assembled there. Benares was then crowded all over with soldiers and soldiers.

1.         Many other kings came there on their beautiful elephants to witness the Svayamvara ceremony.

2.         Then the princes began to talk amongst them “The King’s son SudarSana, too, had come there and is staying unconfused and calm.

3.         Is it that the high minded SudarSana, born of the Kakutstha family, had come there on a chariot, helpless, to marry?

4.         Can it be that the princess will overlook these Kings with soldiers and weapons, and select the long armed SudarSana?”

5.         Then the King Yudhajit addressed all the other kings “I will slay SudarSana for the sake of the daughter; there is no doubt in this.”

54-55. Hearing Yudhajit’s words, the king of Keral, the foremost of those who know morals, began to say :– “O king ! In this Ichchha svayamvara, it is not proper to fight. Here there will be no marriage for the prowess; there is no arrangement fixed to steal away the bride elect by force; here the bride will select of her own free choice; what cause can then there crop up here for quarrels?

56. Before, you had driven him out of his kingdom; and though you are the superior king, you have taken his kingdom by force and installed your daughter’s son on the throne.

57. O King ! This SudarSan is born of the Kakutstha family and the son of the King of Kosala. Why would you kill this innocent boy?

58. O Long lived ! Better be sure that there is some God of this Universe; He is governing all; and if you commit anything wrongful know that you will get the fruit of that due to you; there is no doubt it


59. O King ! There is victory everywhere of the Truth and Dharma, always you find Adharma and Falsehood defeated. Therefore dost thou forsake your evil and mean intentions and pacify your vile mind.

60. Your daughter’s son is also present here; he is beautiful and prosperous and is reigning a kingdom. Why will not that bride elect him as bridegroom?

61-62. Consider again that there are many other powerful princes and kings in this Svayamvara; the princess may select them also. Therefore let all the kings assembled here say that if the selection of the bridegroom be performed in that way, what cause of a quarrel can there crop up? Knowing all these, you ought not to quarrel here.”

Thus ends the Nineteenth Chapter on the going to the Svayamvara assembly of SudarSana and the other kings in the Maha Puranam Sri Mad Devi Bhagavatam of 18,000 verses, by Maharsi Veda Vyasa.